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2022-09-23
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[overseas edition of National Day special issue · industry] innovative emerging industries

original title: [overseas edition of National Day special issue · industry] innovative emerging industries

wind turbines on Dongchu Island, Shidao management area, Rongcheng City, Shandong Province. Photo by Yang Zhili (people's vision)

national power staff interacted with the AI commander of power supply services on site. Photo by Liang Debin (people's vision)

in Nanning International Convention and Exhibition Center, Guangxi, the audience is experiencing 5g remote driving. Photo by Huang Xiaobang of Xinhua News Agency

Jiangsu Sihong photovoltaic power generation application leads the Tiangang Lake area of the base. Photo by Xu Congjun (people's vision)

don't take your wallet when you go out. Take it out gently, and the payment becomes simple and fast

there is no need to show vouchers for visiting and checking in. At the stop in front of the camera, face recognition replaces the cumbersome process

when choosing a car, new energy brands are hot, charging is more and more convenient, and it also protects the environment, which is welcomed by young people...

many rich applications based on scientific and technological innovation have spawned a large number of global leading new industries in China, become a new engine to promote economic development, and also bring a heavy sense of gain to the people

statistics show that in recent years, the growth rate of added value of China's strategic emerging industries has been sustained and significantly higher than that of industries above designated size. Driverless cars with a strong sense of science and technology, smart industrial robots, and various high-tech spare parts benchmarking international leading enterprises, many innovative products and industries have sprung up, becoming the most dynamic part of the economic system

new industries are like magic wands, which make China's economy full of new ideas. The light of interconnection lays the foundation for the integration of "interconnection" and traditional industries; Supported by cloud computing and big data industries, red envelopes "shake" and payment "sweep". Some new industries have become targets pursued and imitated by foreign countries

"China's economic transformation is a 'success story'." The International Labour Organization once said so. In this story full of new ideas, new industries are shining brightly

bid farewell to power cuts and shortages, better energy structure, infinite scenery, new energy to light up life

"15 days of green electricity" - Qinghai has set a new world record! From 0:00 on June 9 to 24:00 on June 23, 2019, for 360 consecutive hours, all electricity in Qinghai comes from clean energy generated by water, solar energy and wind power

27 years ago, with the support of the United Nations Development Programme, a 4 kW photovoltaic power station was built by the beautiful Qinghai Lake. Now, on the Talatan of Gonghe County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, which is dozens of kilometers away from here, rows of Chinese made photovoltaic power generation panels are lined up, becoming a unique landscape

by the end of 2018, Qinghai new energy had an installed capacity of 12.29 million KW, surpassing hydropower as the largest power source, and the installed capacity of centralized photovoltaic power was 9.56 million KW, ranking first in the country

the rise of Qinghai's new energy industry is an epitome of the historical changes in China's energy development. In the 70 years since the founding of new China, great changes have taken place in China's energy industry. In 1949, the total energy production was only 20 million tons of standard coal. It was normal for the Chinese people at that time to rely on kerosene lamps and candles to illuminate the international market after dark. After 70 years of rapid development, China's energy production capacity and level have increased significantly, and China has become the world's largest energy production country, basically forming an energy production system driven by coal, oil, gas and renewable energy. Adequate energy supply has changed China. Computers, televisions, washing machines, refrigerators, air conditioners... Today's life cannot be separated from electricity, and young people have no memory of power failure and lack of electricity

China's energy structure is also greatly optimized and improved. Especially since the 18th CPC National Congress, the driving force of development has accelerated from traditional energy to new energy, and the new energy industry has developed rapidly

now in China, from north to south, from east to west, the scene of "infinite scenery" can be seen everywhere: in the Beihuang sea, which is more than 20 kilometers away from the coastline of Zhuanghe City, Liaoning Province, dozens of "windmills" are scattered and rotate constantly, and the annual power generation of this offshore wind farm can reach 700million kwh; At the gate of Yingshi village committee in Hainan Province, the "sunshade" composed of hundreds of photovoltaic panels 7 meters above the basketball court is particularly eye-catching. The daily power generation of this "air power station" is about 400 kwh; In Xinjiang, wind and solar energy are abundant. Urumqi, Hami, Changji and other places have formed equipment manufacturing park industries such as wind power, photovoltaic, power transmission and transformation, with an industrial concentration of more than 90%. At present, China's installed capacity of wind power and photovoltaic power generation ranks first in the world. New energy power generation technology has made rapid progress, and the new energy industry has become a beautiful business card of China. (this newspaper Qiu Haifeng)

from "basically relying on shouting" to "5g" Internet of all things, China has entered the "era of light"

entering 2019, China's three major operators have obtained 5g licenses, many manufacturers have launched 5g, and many places are building base stations in full swing... The 5g era is really coming

the network connection delay will be shortened to one thousandth of that in the 4G era, and the bearable capacity and transmission efficiency of the network will be increased by 100 times. Behind this, it is inseparable from the magical "glass fiber" - the paving of optical fiber

"the communication mileage is far away, basically by shouting." At the beginning of the founding of new China, the infrastructure of communication industry was extremely backward. The national long-distance cable is 1635 PI long kilometers, with 218000 users, and the penetration rate is only 0.05 per 100 people

in March 1976, in a humble laboratory near the toilet of Wuhan Institute of Posts and telecommunications, Chinese researchers used "native methods" to pull out China's first optical fiber, a 17 meter long "glass fiber". With the birth of the first optical fiber, China's communication industry has embarked on a path of steady development. Two years later, in 1978, the national long-distance cable reached 11864 PI km, with 1.93 million users, and the penetration rate increased to 0.4 per 100 people

in the past 70 years, due to its low price and stable flame retardant effect, China's optical fiber industry has achieved a leap forward development from following and running to leading. The length of optical cable line increased from 557000 kilometers in 1997 to 43.58 million kilometers in 2018, with an average annual increase of 23.1%

Wuhan Optical Valley in 2019 shines with "light". There is the largest optical fiber preform in the world, which can pull out 20000 kilometers of optical fiber. The optical fiber, which is less than 125 microns in diameter and slightly thicker than hair, is stronger than the steel wire of the same thickness, and can accommodate up to 30billion people at the same time

in order to meet the higher requirements of 5g for optical fiber and cable, Changfei optical fiber and cable Co., Ltd. developed a new g.654 E optical fiber. Since 2010, g.654 The research and development of e-fiber has lasted for 7 years and has been proved to be the best choice for 5g terrestrial trunk transmission

"100m optical fiber has been basically popularized, and gigabit optical fiber will be promoted in 2019." Miao Wei, Minister of industry and information technology, said at the ministerial channel of the two sessions this year. This is something that many developed countries may not be able to do today

1g era "big brother" only supports voice calls, 2G era people communicate through MMS and Feixin, 3G era intelligence rises, 4G era video calls are used with high frequency, and then 5g era China enters the first tier, the interconnection of everything becomes possible, and a "all-optical era" is coming. (this newspaper, Xu Peiyu)

is not "stupid, big and thick". The manufacturing industry is becoming more and more "smart". Intelligent manufacturing robots are showing their talents

standard production lines, many sturdy "robot arms", and there are only a few people in a workshop of hundreds of square meters... In the production workshop of Guangdong Jinsheng Intelligent Group Co., Ltd. in Dongguan, the "machine replacement" has ushered in an upsurge

"robot is used to replace manual operation in the clamping process, which saves more than 70% of manpower and greatly shortens the product development cycle. At present, a single line can manufacture 9 kinds of products at the same time, previously only 1 kind." Introduction of relevant person in charge of Jinsheng company

also in Dongguan, in the industrial robot assembly and testing workshop of tostar factory, nearly 100 robots are lined up in five rows to carry out the automatic test before leaving the factory rhythmically. Soon, they will enter the workshops of more factories and become the main force of production

in Beijing, more than 2000 kilometers away, industrial robots became one of the protagonists at the 2019 world robot conference. At the booth of Harbin Institute of technology robot group, the first domestic industrial robot cloud diagnosis open platform attracted many visitors: the platform can realize the functions of remote monitoring, fault diagnosis, intelligent scheduling and other functions of industrial robots, CNC machine tools and other high-end equipment. After it is officially opened, it can realize the independent access of factory users and help enterprises realize the industrial robot on the cloud

in today's manufacturing industry in China, robots are playing a great role. In 2018, the output of industrial robots in China reached 148000 sets, accounting for more than 38% of the global output, becoming the world's largest industrial robot application market

it is not just industrial robots. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, China has accelerated the deep integration of industrialization and informatization, and the development of intelligent manufacturing has achieved positive results. As of September, 2018, the popularity of enterprise digital R & D and design tools and the CNC rate of key processes have reached 67.8% and 48.5% respectively, and the level of digitalization, networking and intelligence in the manufacturing industry has continued to improve

substantial progress has been made in the development of industrial interconnection. RFID is widely used in logistics, manufacturing, identity recognition, asset management, intelligent transportation, etc. Mass customization has been accelerated in clothing, furniture and other industries. Collaborative R & D and manufacturing are increasingly emerging in high-end manufacturing fields such as automobile, aviation and aerospace, and the brain of manufacturing industry is becoming more and more "smart"; Industrial interconnection is more widely used in petroleum, petrochemical, steel, household appliances and other industries. The total number of industrial interconnection platforms with certain industrial and regional influence in China has exceeded 50. (this newspaper Qiu Haifeng)

foreign media praise emerging industries

■ the robot revolution in China's production chain is moving forward with great strides. In recent years, the number of robot enterprises in China has doubled, which is due to the change of China's economic model

-- EFE

■ Europe is not the place where electric vehicles are on the road most, but China is. In China, 22.7 million vehicles were sold in 2018 alone, more than the rest of the world combined

-- Wired magazine

■ there are several countries competing for 5g technology. Besides China, there are the United States, Japan and South Korea. China is already leading the world in the mobile market and is expected to account for 40% of the global 5g network by 2025

-- Jordan Times

■ China has surpassed the United States to become the largest smart voice market, accounting for more than half of the world's total shipments in the first quarter of 2019

-- the "rhythm of venture capital" station in the United States

■ the global photovoltaic power generation is inseparable from China, and the photovoltaic panels made in China account for more than 70% of the global market share. In addition to the sweeping trend of products, the technological capabilities of Chinese enterprises should not be underestimated

-- Nihon Keizai station

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